What were the goals and outcomes of Zionism?
The goal of the Zionist movement (which started back in the 1800s) was to create a state (country) for Jews. This state would preferably be in Palestine, but that was not always what Zionists planned. The Zionists' goal was achieved after WWII when the State of Israel was created.
The main outcome of Zionism was the creation of Israel. Along with that event, however, have come many of the problems we associate with the Middle East today. The ongoing struggle between the Israelis and the Palestinians whose land was taken to make Israel are a major world problem.
What were the goals and outcomes of Zionism? Zionism was originally the Jewish people's national movement to create a state or place for Jews to be able to live, practice their religion, and control their own political destiny. For many years Jewish people had sought to live in an egalitarian society. Concepts of socialism and communism provided hope for Jews initially but as the beliefs progressed and Jews still found themselves in limbo, the idea of a Jewish nation began to re-emerge. In Europe Jews were unable to assimilate into the culture. In addition, Adolph Hitler and the Nazi party made every effort to exterminate the Jews through ethnic cleansing. The Russians had pogroms against Jews and Jews were forced to flee Russia. No matter where the Jews moved they were unaccepted by the population. Finally with the transport of many Jews to Israel following World War II, Israel was declared a Jewish state. The Zionist movement was not a new movement. It had begun many years before and is believed in the Jewish Faith that God had promised the Jews a place. What few people are aware of is that the first Zionist settlement was formed in 1878. In 1897 the first Zionist Congress was established in Switzerland. In 1948 the Israeli War erupted resulting in Britain leaving Palestine. Israel became a state and continues to struggle with Palestine for the protection of its people and to maintain control of its statehood. The Zionists of modern day continues to maintain the ideal that Israel belongs to the Jewish people as promised by God and should remain in their ownership, that Jewish people should be united in the cause of maintaining the Jewish culture, and have control over their own political beliefs. Zionism is defined as “the national revival movement of the Jewish people. It holds that the Jews have the right to self-determination in their own national home, and the right to develop their national culture. “(Malvina M., Australia).