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What is globalization? Please list its advantages and disadvantages.

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jtcliff eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The previous answers have covered most of what globalization is. Some additional aspects are that personal computers and the internet have boosted the easy connectivity of peoples throughout most of the globe. Thus, communication is almost instant.

Business and trade is now interconnected between commercial and individual concerns face to face through monitor screens via pc, smart phones, etc.

Social websites have created a global interconnect of meeting individuals, making friends, forming relationships that could develop into lasting relationships.

Honest communication between people on a global scale can break down prejudices and educate us that people throughout the globe pretty much have the same basic needs and goals.

Dishonest communication on the other hand can frustrate and lend to a lack of trust that is sad because you see just how much fraud is being promoted by selfish people. You wonder, "who can I trust?"

Glitches in technology, such as email that cannot be sent or received or viruses that dishonest people penetrate can be frustrating and sometimes cause one to think that we were better off not globally connected.

These are additional aspects of globalization in response to the original question.

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pohnpei397 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Globalization is the process where the economies of various countries in the world become more and more connected to one another.  In a globalized economy, people from one country can buy goods quite easily from other countries.  Nowadays, people in one country can even buy services from other countries (because of the internet a company can have accountants in India, for example, do its taxes).

The main advantage (economists say) is that people get more goods and services for a cheaper price.  Instead of having to buy something made in America, I can buy the same thing made in China, but cheaper.  That's good for me.  You can also say globalization helps countries like China get richer and eventually that will mean they'll buy more stuff from us (like computer programs and movies and such).

The disadvantage that most people see is that this means just about any job (in a rich country like ours) can end up getting sent to another country.  So we have to compete with people who have way lower standards of living and can work for way less pay.  This really annoys a lot of people in the US and that's why we have a lot of calls for less in the way of free trade.

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chrismccoyenote | Student

Globalization is the expansion of business or cultural values from a specific region of the world into greater markets around the world. The advent of internet across the globe has revolutionized the globalization of information the way the diesel powered engine revolutionized the ability to transport and globalize goods.

Globalization, in business, is known for lowering the cost to produce goods, thereby lowering the cost of goods and services around the world. It does this by taking raw materials from inexpensive sources, refining them in the least expensive countries and then selling them in the countries with the greatest profit margins. A prime example of this is clothing sold in the US and Western Europe that was made in Central Asia.

Globalization also homogenizes economies and cultures. This homogenization arguably negatively impacts smaller cultural groups. The result of globalization is a dilution of cultural norms. The culture is often replaced by something that has worked in another region in an attempt to monetarily capitalize on proven successes from other regions. This negatively impacts cultural diversity.

user6803174 | Student

no thanks

ahmedrehan | Student

the process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale.

udonbutterfly | Student

Globalization has many advantages and disadvantages some examples would be...


  • Increases job opportunities world wide
  • Increases a city's and /or towns infrastructure


  • Many countries may loose their cultural identity to big companies.
  • Countries that lack little to any laws for their working class become exposed to those willing to capitalize off their labor for cheap.
  • Environmental issues may arise.
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crystaltu001 | Student

Globalization is when ideas spread around the world to many people and those people spread it to other people. Spreading information helps people learn a lot more things. Globalization can increase a person's knowledge of things and help a person create more things.

zumba96 | Student

Globalization describes the process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through a global network of political ideas through communication, transportation, and trade. 


  • The development of Third World nations 
  • The democratizing effect of communications
  • Equalization of income distribution among nations 


  • It has increased inequality and environmental degradation
  • In many poorer nations, globalization is the result of foreign businesses utilizing workers in a country to take advantage of the lower wage rates. 
  • Income Inequality
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mysticgirl | Student

You have to know what Globalisation is first to begin with. It is the integration around the world, it invoes trade and connects countries through that. 

There are advantages of globalisation for example trade and investment increases within a country as you now have foreign money coming into your country economy. Accessabilty is another advantage: there will now be new modes of interaction and transportation therefore via the air of sea you now have a wider vairety if ways to transport or travel.

The main disadvantage is that because of globalisation, there will be cometitiona in prices between countries, this is because countries now have the same products or services and goods. This decreases trade and the competition is the prices, of course people would go for the prices that would not disstabalise their economy. 

I hope this was helpful

richard-damant | Student

“The world is getting smaller” a term used very often to describe the modern world and globalisation. Economic growth has grasped the majority of countries including LEDC’s
The difference between countries has dropped significantly allowing countries to rely on one another for each other’s different industries some people argue that this is bad for LEDC’s due to the exploitation from MEDC’s through high tariffs on trade and the fall in prices for example the coffee trade to Europe and US. Migration is very important be it in their own countries or international it creates better opportunities for the workers and economically for the countries
The communication between countries grows with globalisation which creates better international networking and knowledge sharing, it allows for an international oversight on the economy and other aspects of development.
LEDC’s do benefit from this reliance on other countries especially aid and loans for example per capita income in the poorest countries has doubled over the past 30 years. LEDC’s also rely on the MEDC’s to purchase or trade in the natural resources unfortunately this stops the rise in industry in LEDC’s.

Although the lack of technology may seem like a bad thing, it does create opportunities for MEDC’s or private companies to invest in LEDC’s, resulting in LEDC’s governments getting the technology they need, and an increase in jobs available.
Therefore globalisation and the ability for countries to work together does help the development in LEDC’s despite the negatives.

rashmi0133 | Student
Globalization (or globalisation, also mundialisation or mundialization) is a common term for processes of international integration arising from increasing human connectivity and interchange of worldviews, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture.[1][2] In particular, advances in transportation and telecommunications infrastructure, including the rise of the Internet, represent major driving factors in globalization and precipitate further interdependence of economic and cultural activities.[3] Eastern Telegraph Company 1899 chart of undersea telegraph cabling. An example of modern globalizing technology in the beginning of the 20th century.Though several scholars situate the origins of globalization in modernity, others map its history long before the European age of discovery and voyages to the New World. Some even trace the origins to the third millennium B.C.E
xao | Student

It is the process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology. This process has effects on the environment, on culture, on political systems, on economic development and prosperity, and on human physical well-being in societies around the world.Globalization is not new, though. For thousands of years, people—and, later, corporations—have been buying from and selling to each other in lands at great distances, such as through the famed Silk Road across Central Asia that connected China and Europe during the Middle Ages. Likewise, for centuries, people and corporations have invested in enterprises in other countries. In fact, many of the features of the current wave of globalization are similar to those prevailing before the outbreak of the First World War in 1914.

jjrichardson | Student

Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology. This process has effects on the environment, on culture, on political systems, on economic development and prosperity, and on human physical well-being in societies around the world.Globalization is not new, though. For thousands of years, people—and, later, corporations—have been buying from and selling to each other in lands at great distances, such as through the famed Silk Road across Central Asia that connected China and Europe during the Middle Ages. Likewise, for centuries, people and corporations have invested in enterprises in other countries. In fact, many of the features of the current wave of globalization are similar to those prevailing before the outbreak of the First World War in 1914.

marwa14 | Student
Globalization is turning the world into a small village and the integration of states and peoples  by means of rapid communication and the boom in communication between human beings via the internet and as  the media that convey the news instantaneously 
perhaps the most important positive aspects of globalization in my point of view, is encouraging the interaction and mutual understanding between people from divirse invironments  and different backgrounds, which facilitated the exchange of experiences and learn from different experiences of countries in all fields ,cultural, scientific, political, social and economical.
From the other hand,as  globalization encouraged  civilized co-operation between countries, it led , on the other side, to highlight the difference between the ideas, concepts and cultures, which led to the emergence of the so-called collisions intellectual and the clash of civilizations has led,also, to the growing fear of States about their culturalspecificity  and national identity   which greatly badly affected from non-ethical ideas 
In conclusion,we can say that globalization is a douple edged weopon., There is no place in the era of globalization, but to the peoples of the powerful and entrenched cultures and values inherent can not be shaken or affected by any strange ideas or destructive policies .
melonsmasher | Student
reducing of the territories for trade etc
kakkassery | Student

globalisation is a process by which development in one region has influence all around the is a global market without boundaries.globalisation has brought immense profit they were exposed to the world market.but globalisation has its own defects.a farmer in village has to suffer.a local farmer cannot compete their product in the international globalisation is considered as a subtle phenomena.different thinkers have different opinions about it but it tranfer the world of walled cities to world cities.

dier02 | Student

There are two major problems with globalisation.  The first is the disconnect between the company and the state.  Public companies have many owners (shareholders) from a number of countries whose focus is on the return on investment.  This means that some decisions are made in the interests of the company that are at odds with the social or environmental needs of the countries they are located in.  The so-called Monsanto seed Law which prohibits people in a number of countries collecting and storing seeds is but one example of this.

The second major problem is that of the tipping pont. in the past fourty years much of western manufacturing has been relocated to low-wage third world countries.  The same issues that drove wages and conditions up in western economies- the demand for and retention of skilled labour and the employment competition that occurs as a consequence has seen wages and conditions rising in third world countries.  In America in the last year wages and conditions in new employment are falling.  As the developing economies move towards the establishment of conditions to create a large middle-class, the developed economies wages and conditions subside.

gopikrishna | Student

Globalization is the process by which the economies of countries around the world become increasingly integrated over time. This integration occurs as technological advances expedite the trade of goods and services, the flow of capital, and the migration of people across international borders. Without a doubt, globalization has had a number of positive effects on nations and businesses around the world. Yet the concept—once regarded as almost universally positive—has undergone a bit of a reassessment in recent years.

"The plain truth is that market liberalization by itself does not lift all boats, and in some cases, it has caused severe damage to poor nations," the Business Week article admitted. "What's more, there's no point denying that multinationals have contributed to labor, environmental, and human rights abuses as they pursue profit around the globe."


Globalization gives companies access to wider markets and consumers access to a greater variety of goods and services. But the benefits of globalization are not always shared by all of the parties involved in trade. Unfortunately, developing countries—which need the potential benefits of globalization the most—are often the losers. "The downside of global capitalism is the disruption of whole societies, from financial meltdowns to practices by multinationals that would never be tolerated in the West," the Business Week article noted. "Industrialized countries have enacted all sorts of worker, consumer, and environmental safeguards since the turn of the century, and civil rights have a strong tradition. But the global economy is pretty much still in the robber-baron age."



The potential problems with globalization are not limited to developing nations, however. Some workers in advanced economies—particularly those in unskilled jobs and belonging to labor unions—feel that they are being increasingly displaced by low-wage competition in developing countries. Some of these workers are unable to make the transition to skilled jobs and service-oriented industries.


daskalos | Student

Globalization depends on who is answering the question and how you would apply the term.  For many it is basically when all marketing, production and government are controlled by a central government.


All things would be equal for all people involved, prices, food           available, medicine available, education, justice.


Things that you could loose: individuality; choice of food,              education, work, medicine, justice.

An aristocracy would thrive.



krishna-agrawala | Student

Globalization refers to in which activities of large number of business enterprises is carried out in many different locations across national boundaries. It is much more than just importing or exporting from one country to another. True globalization involves one firm procuring form, manufacturing in, and selling in many different countries. There has been an increasing trend in the world towards globalization is characterized by trends such as:

  • Increased trade across national boundaries.
  • One company having subsidiary companies and plants in many countries.
  • One company procuring material required from multiple countries.
  • One company selling its products in many different countries.
  • Growth of joint ventures and technical collaborations between companies from different countries.
  • Lowering of trade barriers and simplified import and export procedures.

Globalization offers many advantages to the people and businesses. These include:

  • Greater employment opportunities for people.
  • Availability of greater variety of goods and services to the consumers.
  • More competitive price to the competitors.
  • Ability of companies to achieve lower costs.
  • Access to bigger markets to business firms.
  • Faster and wider spread of new technologies across the world.

Globalization gas some disadvantages also:

  • Unrestricted globalization can hamper the development of less developed countries.
  • Smaller firms may lack the resources to compete internationally and therefore may be forced out of business.
  • Countries become increasingly dependent on other countries for meeting their needs for goods and services. This can become a major disadvantage in situations like war.
  • Adverse economic condition in one country can escalate to other countries and may even adopt global proportion.
  • Globalization may also lead to faster spread of infectious disease, for people animals and plants. Such infection may be carried through, people or goods.
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