Drivers of globalization are both economic and political, with economic motives often leading to political solutions. As multinational corporations want to expand into global markets and take advantage of lower wages to outsource production, they influence politicians to open up trade and reduce barriers to globalization.
The aftermath of World War II was an especially important driver of globalization. Both Taiwan and Japan were reconstructed and closely linked to the west in terms of trade, which was encouraged partly in response to the growing political tensions of the Cold War and desire to ally them firmly to the West.
Many multilateral organizations were formed after World War II in order to ensure that countries had mechanisms for peaceful dispute resolution in order to avoid future wars. Trade and other mechanisms of globalization were seen as promoting peace. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) which evolved into the World Trade Organization was one such important organization. Perhaps the most important global organization was the United Nations (UN), which describes its mission as follows:
The United Nations came into being in 1945, following the devastation of the Second World War, with one central mission: the maintenance of international peace and security. The UN does this by working to prevent conflict; helping parties in conflict make peace; peacekeeping; and creating the conditions to allow peace to hold and flourish.
In recent decades, nations increasingly have seen peaceful trade as a path towards global prosperity and security. The entry of China into the WTO and efforts by the west to trade with China in order to decouple China from Russia in geopolitics have been especially significant.