What geologic and climatic natural disasters occur in the Ring of Fire region?

Expert Answers
pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are some sorts of natural disasters that are common to all parts of the Ring of Fire.  Given that the Ring of Fire is a very large region, however, there are some disasters that only occur in some parts of that region.  Generally speaking, the geological disasters are fairly common to all areas while the climatic disasters vary by region.

The Ring of Fire is, of course, a very geologically active region.  It is also home to a huge number of people.  This means that there are a certain set of geological disasters that are possible and relatively common.  In this area, there tend to be many volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.  The earthquakes can cause tsunamis that can be more deadly and devastating than the earthquakes themselves.  An example of this was the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004 which was set off by an earthquake.  These disasters can happen anywhere in the Ring of Fire region.

The most common climatic disaster in this region is the hurricane or typhoon.  This type of disaster is very common in tropical areas such as the Philippines.  However, this sort of disaster does not typically occur in the eastern part of the Ring of Fire.

the-smart-boyz | Student

The Pacific Ring of Fire, sometimes referred to as the circum-Pacific Belt, is comprised of a lot of tectonic plates under the sea. These tectonic plates tend to move a lot which causes drastic changes in land portions above the sea. The movements and collisions in the tectonic plates directly result  to the tsunamis or volcanic eruptions. The Pacific Ring of Fire includes a lot of small islands which stretches from New Zealand, the Fiji Islands, Indonesia, the northern Philippines, Japan, Alaska, western Americas, South Americas.

Some of the most disastrous natural events in this region have taken place in New Zealand, Japan, and the Philippines. Much of New Zealand’s North Island is composed of seamounts and small islands, including 16 submarine volcanoes. Minor eruptions are frequent here with at least 60 eruptions recorded since 1945. The Auckland volcanic field has produced a varied range of explosive craters and lava flows.  The February 2011 Christchurch volcanic eruption had a 6.3 magnitude earthquake and caused a lot of damage and fatality.

These natural disasters are really inevitable. They have been taking place in the Earth even before humans roamed around the planet. However, thanks to different fields of studies such as geoscience, scientists can somehow predict if, for instance, volcanic eruptions are looming. This is truly beneficial especially for the people living in the area of the Pacific Ring of Fire to help them understand these natural phenomena better and prepare them in case a crisis strikes.
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