What is the general meaning of the right of habeas corpus in the U.S. Constitution and its relationship to the protection of other civil liberties?
The meaning of habeus corpus comes from a Latin base meaning "you have the body." It refers to the right of a person to question his/her incarceration before a judge. Interestingly, the violation of the writ of habeus corpus has not been the most severe of the civil liberties granted to not only Americans but many other countries. Hitler, during World War II, abolished the writ of habeus corpus when he signed the Nacht and Nebel (Night and Fog). This essentially abolished any kind of habeus corpus in anti-semitic government. The most recent controversy regarding habeus corpus was during the Bush administration when hundreds of suspected Afghan and Iraqi terroists were imprisoned.