Hemingway's "Indian Camp" revolves around the idea of American values imposed on Native American culture.
In the story, Nick Adams, his doctor father, and uncle are called to an Indian encampment on the opposite side of the lake. A woman there is having a terrible time giving birth. Nick's father delivers the baby via a brutal caesarian section, completely disrespecting the ways of the tribe in regard to privacy and rituals. After the horrific event, the birthing party discovers that the woman's husband has committed suicide.
Hemingway is examining the tension between the necessity of medical action and the cultural demands for respect and integrity. Though the doctor may have saved the woman and her baby, her *way* of life has been forever damaged.