What gender is prone to diabetes and why?

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bullgatortail eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Women are more often likely to contract type 2 diabetes than men, but men are in the majority when it comes to type 1 diabetes. According to one source, approximately 16 million Americans suffer from the disease. Type 2 diabetes mellitus sufferers account for 58.4% female compared to 41.6% male. However, type 1 diabetes hits more men; approximately 53% of type 1 sufferers are men, compared with a 47% average for women.

Among different studies, prevalence rates of diabetes are not consistently higher for women, with the ratio of the prevalence in women versus men varying among populations studied, probably due to different distributions of risk factors such as body mass index, physical activity, and genetic differences.

dano7744 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidous are "equal opportunity diseases" that do not discriminate. In the U.S., some authorities state that type II diabetes mellitus(adult onset DM) is more common in males. In other countries the opposite is true, especially third world countries. In part this is the case because of our diets and physical activity levels. Nevertheless, diabetes mellitus is very common worldwide and is endemic in almost every population group. The U.S. leads the way in newly diagnosed cases of DM each year due to in part, our sedentary lifestyles and increased consumption of processed, high calorie, high sugar content foods.

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