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What are the functions of morphology in linguistics?

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Morphology is a subfield of linguistics that deals with the form and internal constituent structure of words of a given language. Since words are formed of morphemes, we can also say that Morphology is the study of morphemes. We can define a morpheme as the minimal unit of form (structure) and function (meaning) in a language. Note that there are problems with this so-called standard definition of a morpheme, as we have cases of null morphemes (function without a form) and empty morphemes (form without a function) in many languages. Besides this, morphemes might not always have a clear, one-to-one matching of form with function (ablauts, portmanteau morphemes and allomorphs). 

Such an analysis of morphemes of a language can serve many purposes. We get to...

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