What are functional foods, probiotics, and prebiotics?
Functional foods are foods that have had ingredients specially added to give the food an added function, such as an added health benefit. Adding vitamin D to milk is an example. Adding live bacterial cultures to yogurt is also an example. This last example is also an example of a probiotic. A probiotic is a food that has live bacterial microorganisms present in the food that are beneficial to people. These are common in fermented foods. A prebiotic is a non-digestible additive to food that is meant to enhance the activity of beneficial bacteria in the digestive system.