What is the function of the wedding guest in "The Rime of the Ancient Marnier?"
Samuel Taylor Coleridge's "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" is a tale which, when examined deeply, defines the importance and power of both nature and the supernatural in the world. Coleridge's poem, therefore, shows the importance of a human's recognition that all parts of the world one lives in should be recognized as being important--from the ocean to the albatross (as seen in the poem itself). That said, after the Mariner's killing of the albatross and the death of his shipmates, the Mariner is fated with the forever retelling of his tale. Therefore, the Mariner serves as the conscious personified.
The wedding guest, on the other hand, is the one who hears the Mariner's tale. Given that the Mariner suddenly approaches him and begins to go into his story, the wedding guest is taken aback. Annoyed by the intrusion, the wedding guest seems irritated by the interruption to his good time. In the end, the wedding guest realizes the importance of the Mariner's tale and changes his attitude.
The function of the wedding guest is two-fold. First, the wedding guest functions as the receiver of the Mariner's tale. While this is rather superficial, it fulfills the Mariner's fate to retell his story and pass on the knowledge of the importance of the things both natural and supernatural in the world. Secondly, the wedding guest functions as proof that the passing on of the Mariner's tale is important. Without the change in the wedding guest, the story and the Mariner would be of no importance. Given that the Mariner's story changes the wedding guest, the passing on of knowledge from old to young and experienced to inexperienced proves to be of great importance.
"The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" is one of my favorite poems because it tells a story that has has action, mystery, and plot. I love stories, and "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" is a story in poetry format.
The Ancient Mariner is the teller of this story, but he isn't simply telling his story to a random, hypothetical reader: he tells his story to the wedding guest. In simplest terms, the Mariner is the story teller, and the wedding guest is the listener. To put it in educational jargon, the Mariner and the wedding guest are both playing parts in a rhetorical situation. In each rhetorical situation, there is a message sender who is trying to get their message to a receiver that must interpret the message. The wedding guest is the receiver of the Mariner's message, and the final stanza makes it clear that the wedding guest most definitely listened to and was changed by the Mariner's story.
He went like one that hath been stunned,
And is of sense forlorn:
A sadder and a wiser man,
He rose the morrow morn.
Since we are reading this story, the wedding guest is also a sort of stand-in for the reader. The Mariner is most definitely telling the wedding guest the story, but we get to eavesdrop on that story through the wedding guest.