E. M. Forster

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What are the functions of culture according to Greenblatt and Forster?

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Stephen Greenblatt is one of the first critics belonging to the New Historicism movement, which developed thanks to the poststructuralism of the 1960s and 1970s. Influenced by French critics Michel Foucault and Louis Althusser, New Historicists challenge ideas of a single and uniform culture and stress that culture is always a contested territory between the different social elements of an historical era. In his work on Elizabethan and Renaissance drama, Greenblatt has highlighted how this body of literature, including Shakespeare's texts, finally produce a legitimization of the ruling classes and institutions. In his Renaissance Self-Fashioning (1980), Greenblatt concludes that, in the texts and documents he has...

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