The boy with fair hair lowered himself down the last few feet of rock and began to pick his way toward the lagoon. Though he had taken off his school sweater and trailed it now from one hand, his grey shirt stuck to him and his hair was plastered to his forehead.
This is how Lord of the Flies begins, and already we can see a few different examples of figurative language. There is a rhyme in "fair hair," evoking the sing-song quality of a fable. There are multiple examples of alliteration in which the first letter is repeated: in "few feet," "school sweater," and "shirt stuck."
Golding uses lots of imagery in the text, especially when first describing the setting in the first chapter:
The beach between the palm terrace and the water was a thin stick, endless apparently, for to Ralph’s left the perspectives of palm and beach and water drew to a point at infinity; and always, almost visible, was the heat.
He uses a metaphor in calling the water a "thin stick," and helps us picture the endlessness...
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