What are four rising and falling actions in the book 1984?
Rising action is typically a defining moment which leaves to the irrevocable climax of a work. In this case the climactic moment can be said to be Winston's and Julia's capture. Thus I would give the following for rising action elements:
- Winston's diary creates for him an outlet to express his emotions, but it also creates concrete evidence of his disloyalty to Big Brother
- Winston's visits to the prole neighborhood, conversations with the store owner, purchases of "banned" items, and the renting of the room above the store show Winston's tendencies to rebel and make him a target for the thought police.
- The development and openness of the sexual relationship between Winston and Julia places a target on their backs and makes them more susceptible to behaviors that would draw the attention of the thought police.
- The visit to O'Brien's apartment and declaration of loyalty and service to the underground rebellion solidifies the fate of both Winston and Julia.
Falling action are generally seen as consequences that befall the characters after the climactic event or events. Again, my choices and justifications are below:
- Immediately, both Winston and Julia are separated and jailed in the Ministry of Love. Winston (and we assume Julia) undergo mental and physical torture including sleep deprivation, starvation and physical beatings.
- After a while, Winston realizes that his one hope (O'Brien) was never on his side. O'Brien admits that he has been watching Winston all along and lured him to commit the crimes for which he was captured. This tends to break his spirit.
- Winston's will is subsequently broken by the application of electic shock torture. Through O'Brien's techniques, Winston truly comes to believe that 2+2=5. He is not faking it; he believes it.
- The torture in Room 101 is each individual's worst fear. In Winston's case, rats will gnaw off his face if he does not completely and utterly give in to Big Brother. By denying and denouncing Julie, he does this, signifying the end of their relationship.