What are four literary devices found in the poem "The Lake" by Edgar Allan Poe?
Interestingly, Poe had a tremendous influence upon French poets, especially the Symbolists who admired his notion of the poem as a rational production, as well as his concept of ideal beauty, along with his employment of atmosphere and the musical qualities of language. Certainly, these elements are present in "The Lake." Here are literary devices that Poe uses in this poem:
- Metaphor is employed in the first line with the phrase "spring of youth." The unstated comparison is between the speaker's youth and the season of Spring.
- A lyric poem, "The Lake" provides much rhythm with its even stanzas of the rhyme scheme aabbcc, whose first five lines are of iambic pentameter that is broken with the sixth line.
- There is a speed given to certain lines with alliteration. Two examples of this literary device are in the fourth lines of stanza 1 and stanza 2 with the repetition of the cosonant sounds /l/ and /m/ respectively. Line 5 of stanza 3 and line 4 of the final stanza exemplify alliteration also with the /l/ and /s/ respectively:
So lovely was the loneliness
Murmuring in melody
Nor Love--although the Love were thine.
Whose solitary soul could make
- In the second stanza "Night" is an example of personification as it is given human qualities in being able to throw "her pall." In the final stanza, "Death" is also personified as it is in a wave, and "solitary soul" is personified as it is able to "make/an Eden."