What are the four general expectations that may distort perception.

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currerbell | (Level 2) Assistant Educator

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I answered your identical question from the perspective of jurors' expectations, since you do not specify. I will answer this one in regard to law enforcement. 

Four expectations that may distort perception include a suspect's prior record, previous encounters with the suspect, whether the officer has caught the perpertrator in a lie, thus clouding his or her perception of further statements, and finally, personal prejudices the officer may have, whether he or she is overtly aware of those prejudices or not.