What are the four or five examples of different literary devices being used in Juliet's soliloquy before she drinks the potion (Act 4 Scene 3 Line 14-58).Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare

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teachersage eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Shakespeare uses alliteration as Juliet describes her premonitions after she is left alone by her mother and her nurse. Alliteration occurs when a writer repeatedly uses the same letter at the beginning of words that are in close proximity. We see both a repetition of "f" and "c" sounds  in the following speech:

I have a faint cold fear thrills through my veins
That almost freezes up the heat of life.
I’ll call them back again to comfort me.
In the above passage, Shakespeare also uses the juxtaposition of opposites in placing "freezes" near "heat."
Juliet conjures imagery as she imagines waking up in the vault and being driven mad by all the dead bodies there. Imagery is describing with any of the five senses: sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell. In the following passage, Juliet vividly conjures smell and sound:
what with loathsome smells,
And shrieks like mandrakes torn out of the earth
Shakespeare uses repetition for emphasis, such as when Juliet repeats Romeo's name three times:
 Romeo, Romeo, Romeo!
The exclamation point also shows her emotions rising to a crescendo. 
This  soliloquy of Juliet's, in which, all alone on stage, she verbalizes her thoughts, is an example of foreshadowing or suggesting what is to come: things do go quite awry with the plan for her to feign death. Through Juliet's soliloquy, we learn her thoughts and fears as she takes the step of drinking the potion. We come to understand what a frightening prospect this is for her. We see what courage it takes her to go ahead with the plan. We also are alerted to the risky nature of this scheme.
mwestwood eNotes educator| Certified Educator

After the Nurse and Lady Capulet have left her in Act IV, Scene 3, Juliet is alone with her thoughts about drinking from the vial; naturally, she expresses aloud her concerns that it may not work to put her in a trance, or it may work too well and kill her. 

1. metaphor : "heat of life" is compared to her blood.

As the "faint cold fear thrills through [her] veins," Juliet feels that they almost freeze the "heat of life" leaving her. (l.17)

2. personification:  the catacomb vault to which Juliet will be taken is spoken of as having a "mouth."

Shall I not then be stifled in the vault,

To whose foul mouth no healthsome air breathes in, (ll. 365-36)

3.  simile:  comparison of a "kinsman's bone" with "a club" using the word as. Juliet worries that if she wakes from the potion taken in the vial, she might go crazy from being placed in the tomb where she may be surrounded by the skeletons of her kinsmen: 

And pluck the mangled Tybalt from his shroud,
And, in this rage, with some great kinsman's bone
As with a club dash out my desp'rate brains? (ll 53-55) 

4. apostrophe : Apostrophe is the addressing of someone or some abstract not physically present.  At the end of her soliloquy, Juliet talks to Tybalt and Romeo in her mind.

O, look! methinks I see my cousin's ghost
Seeking out Romeo, that did spit his body
Upon a rapier's point. Stay, Tybalt, stay!
Romeo, I come! this do I drink to thee.(ll 57-60)









mathgirl12340 | Student

Literary devices**** not figures of speech

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Romeo and Juliet

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