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Well, of course, symbolism is a very, very subjective literary device, so some may argue that objects or actions are symbolic whereas others would disagree. But anyway, it would be well worth you re-reading this excellent short story and trying to detect some of these examples of figurative language for yourself. Poe is a master of description and is able to imbue a setting with menacing undertones, so there are plenty to look for! Here are a few to get you started:
He turned toward me, and looked into my eyes with two filmy orbs that distilled the rheum of intoxication.
This is a metaphor that compares the eyes of Fortunato to two "filmy orbs", which emphasises how drunk he was.
There are a number of examples of onomatopoeia to describe various sounds and emphasise the horror of the situation. For example, chains "clank", Fortunato "moans" and "clamors." All of which of course serves to heighten the terror of this short story that shocks us so much.
I hope this will help to get you started. Good luck with looking for others!
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