What are the five types of organizations? I have normative, coercive, and utilitarian, but the chart asks for five?

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Henry Mintzberg, a graduate of McGill University, classifies organizations into five different types. These types are: simple structure or entrepreneurial, machine bureaucracy, professional bureaucracy, divisionalized form, and adhocracy or innovative.

Simple structure or entrepreneurial organizations are typically young organizations that have strong boundaries between supervisors and workers. The CEO of this organization has the power while the workers provide creativity.

Machine bureaucracy organizations have specific parts with specific roles in the organization, like a machine. Typically companies that use mass-production fall into this type of classification.

Professional bureaucracy organizations rely on individuals who work independently to achieve success for the company. Individuals have specialized skills that, when combined with other members of the company, benefit the organization.

Divisionalized form organizations are typically large companies that have separate divisions. Some of these divisions could include sales, accounting, and human resources.

Innovative organizations work best in areas that are fast-growing or changing. These organizations can easily adapt to any situation. These organizations also have highly skilled employees but lack structure.

For more information on Mintzberg's five types of organizations, please read Organizational Structure: Mintzberg's Framework written by Fred C. Lunenburg.

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Normative, coercive, and utilitarian and the three formal organizational structures.

When five structures are involved, we are commonly talking about Mintzberg's Five Types of Organizational Structure.

  • Entrepreneurial - A generally loose organizational structure driven by creativity, yet often featuring low discipline. A tech startup managed by its founders is one example.
  • Professional - Featuring a moderate level of bureaucracy and driven by professional and competent workers, often with highly specialized skills.
  • Machine - Characterized by a high level of bureaucracy. Feature high structure and are often long-lived, but have limited openness to new ideas. Government agencies are examples.
  • Divisional - Typical of large corporation which divide themselves into more focused business unit, each responsible for a distinct set of product lines.
  • Innovative - A structure designed to allow for brand new leadership styles focused on decentralized decision making. Often seen in emergent industries.
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