What are the five steps of the scientific method?

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The five steps of the scientific method are as follows:

Step 1. State the problem example: What gets hotter in the sun: water in a black cup or water in a white cup?

Step 2. Gather existing information about the question.

Step 3. Form a hypothesis, example: I think that the water in the black cup will get hotter.

Step 4. Test the hypothesis example: Create a test. Example: Get a black cup and white cup of equal size and shape. Fill the cups with an equal amount of water of the same temperature. Place them in the sun for one hour and then measure the water with a thermometer.

Step 5. Draw a conclusion based on test results (data) and report data and conclusion.

All teachers have different ways of naming these steps. I've even had teachers that state 6 steps instead, but these are the basic five.

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A scientific method requires proper effort and will. The memory device 'POHEC' can be used to learn the fives steps of the Scientific Method. The letters stand for: Problem, Observation, Hypothesis, Experiment, and Conclusion. The five steps are listed below:

1. PROBLEM - First, formulate an example of the question. This is required, because first, we have to know what we're facing.

2. OBSERVATION and Information Gathering - If we cannot collect any type of basic facts about the problem, we cannot obtain a successful result.

3. HYPOTHESIS - We think about a conjecture that suits the nature of the problem, then work our way towards solving it. 

4. EXPERIMENT - Create a test. Experimental scientists do this always, drawing a hypothesis and designing experiments to prove their validity. It works out, at least most of the time. 

5. CONCLUSION - Finally, draw the valid conclusion. Voila, the scientific method is complete!


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