The five steps of the scientific method are as follows:
Step 1. State the problem example: What gets hotter in the sun: water in a black cup or water in a white cup?
Step 2. Gather existing information about the question.
Step 3. Form a hypothesis, example: I think that the water in the black cup will get hotter.
Step 4. Test the hypothesis example: Create a test. Example: Get a black cup and white cup of equal size and shape. Fill the cups with an equal amount of water of the same temperature. Place them in the sun for one hour and then measure the water with a thermometer.
Step 5. Draw a conclusion based on test results (data) and report data and conclusion.
All teachers have different ways of naming these steps. I've even had teachers that state 6 steps instead, but these are the basic five.