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What are the five main reasons that people of color are over represented in the criminal justice system? Of what significance is the difference between the actual number of whites in prison versus African Americans and/or Hispanics and rates of each per 100,000 of the population?

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First of all, when your question says “the five main reasons,” it sounds as if you might be expected to provide a specific list of reasons.  I suggest that you consult your textbook and/or lecture notes to find this list.  Different people will have different lists of reasons for this phenomenon.  Let us look at some explanations that some people have given.

Some people argue (though this is generally considered to be a racist argument) that people of color are simply more prone to criminality.  It is clear that more people of color are arrested, and some...

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