Guns, Germs, and Steel Questions and Answers
by Jared Diamond

Guns, Germs, and Steel book cover
Start Your Free Trial

According to Guns, Germs, and Steel, what five factors contributed to the transition from hunter gatherer to farming?

Expert Answers info

Lynnette Wofford eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2011

write7,057 answers

starTop subjects are Literature, History, and Business

Diamond argues that the "neolithic transition" from food gathering to agriculture evolved gradually, with long periods in which the two modes of food provision coexisted. Several different factors contributed to the shift.

One of the main factors was a lack of wild animals suitable for hunting and a lack of plants suitable for gathering. This in turn was due to either climate change or to animal population declines because of unsustainable volumes of hunting and gathering. This would make agriculture and domestication of animals more attractive.

Next, once one society began to domesticate plants and animals, neighboring societies would emulate them, meaning that the idea would spread rapidly. As agriculture and the domestication of animals is far more efficient than hunting and gathering and allows for urbanization and specialization of labor, societies that had undergone the neolithic transition would have been more powerful and numerous than hunter-gatherer neighbors and would have...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 529 words.)

Unlock This Answer Now

Further Reading:

check Approved by eNotes Editorial

pohnpei397 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2009

write35,413 answers

starTop subjects are History, Literature, and Social Sciences

Further Reading:

check Approved by eNotes Editorial