What figures of speech are used in Shakespeare's Sonnet 9? I can only find alliteration in one line with the "w". But any other ideas?
First, there is an additional example of alliteration in line 2, the “t” sound: that thou consumes thyself. In line one, “to wet a widow’s eye” is a metaphor for tears. In line 4, “makeless wife” means widow. Makeless (or mateless) means widowed, thus this is a metaphor comparing how the world will mourn him to how a widow will mourn her dead husband. “The world will be thy widow” continues this metaphor by suggesting that his loss will be so great the entire world will be his widow and grieve him. There is also personification in these lines: “the world will wail thee” (the world will cry). “No love toward others in that bosom sits” is also personification (love is sitting). “Such murderous shame commits” is a metaphor comparing the young man never marrying and having children with committing the “murder” of his legacy. Finally, lines five and six are a good example of parallelism with the repetition of “The world will..”