What are the figures of speech in "My Heart Leaps Up"?
The phrase "my heart leaps up" in the first line of the poem is an example of metaphor. The narrator's heart does not literally leap up, as it is fixed in place inside his body. Instead, it perhaps beats harder. In saying, "my heart leaps up," the narrator is comparing the joy he feels at seeing a rainbow to the sensation of a leaping heart.
Wordsworth uses imagery in the second line of the poem when he writes of a "rainbow in the sky." We as readers can visualize the beauty of a colorful rainbow cutting across the sky.
The poem also uses rhyme to create a sense of rhythm, such as in "behold/old" and "began/man."
Parallelism appears in the repetitive structure of the three lines that deal with past, present, and future: "So it was . . . So it is . . . So be it." This parallel structure reflects and reinforces the idea that the poet's attitude toward the rainbow will never change.
The poet also uses exclamation when he writes "Or let me die!" The exclamation point emphasizes how strongly the poet feels about finding joy in a rainbow. He would rather be dead than oblivious to the sight.
Lines 3-5 are an example of anaphora, a device where sucessive phrases begin with the same or similar words:
So was it when my life began, / So is it now I am a man, / So be it when I shall grow old / Or let me die!
Subsequently, line six is an example of hyperbole, or an overstatment that emphasizes an idea but is not meant to be taken literally.
Finally, in line 7 we see a paradoxical statement: "The child is the father of the man". This statement appears to contradict itself until the reader realizes that Wordsworth is speaking figuratively and not literally.