Just to add to the previous excellent response:
Another example of Emily Grierson in metaphoric terms,
Miss Emily had been a tradition, a duty, and a care; a sort of hereditary obligation upon the town,
Also in the first section, there is imagery and alliteration (repetition of initial /s/) as the dust "rose sluggishly about their thighs, spinning with slow motes in the single sunray. This is followed by a simile as Miss Emily is described as looking bloated, "like a body long submerged in motionless water."
Simile: Miss Emily sits in the window with the light behind her and "her upright torso motionless as that of an idol."
Simile: "We had long thought of them [her father and Emily] as a tableau"
Metaphor : "...and we knew that with nothing left, she would have to cling to that which had robbed her, as people will." "that which had robbed her" is a metaphor for the patriarchal system in which Emily grew up as her father dismissed any suitors. She continues to act as she did in...
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