What are the features of wholesale trade?  

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Wholesale trade refers to the step of the supply chain before retail trade. Retail trade refers to the point of consumer purchase, where goods are stored, bought, and sold at different outlets frequented by individuals. Before retail trade can take place, a given retailer must purchase the same products at wholesale prices from an intermediary (or "wholesaler"). The wholesale price is marked up by the retailer, and this difference in per-unit price becomes the retailer's cut. Not all wholesale goods necessarily move down the supply chain into retail; in these cases, they are generally intended for bulk utilization by an end user such as a factory or corporation.

There are two final distinguishing traits I'd like to mention. Wholesale purchases are more often made in bulk than retail purchases. Also, wholesale trades are often coordinated by intermediary parties called brokers or agents, who have been selected in advance by the supplier.

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Wholesale trade is a practice in which firms produce and sell goods to distributors, resellers, government institutions, and businesses, but do not sell to the final consumer. The entities involved in this practice are participants in wholesale trade. The goods produced, sold, and traded under these agreements are considered wholesale goods. 

Wholesale trade economics considers the production, selling, and trading of goods at the pre-consumer level. Wholesale trade data allows investors to determine how healthy the economy surrounding a product (or group of products) is, which allows investors to predict economic and market behavior: buying and selling. The ability to predict buying and selling behaviors is a critical component of production - if businesses are buying more of a product, the producers know there is sufficient demand to continue creating the goods. On the other hand, if there is a decrease in demand for a product, producers can reduce the amount of goods they put into the market.

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