Plato's Republic by Plato

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What are the features of Plato's ideal society?

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Plato's ideal society consisted of a strict division of labor between the three classes:

The Guardians or Philosopher-Kings/Queens ruled the city.

The Auxiliaries were the warriors who protected the city.

The Producers were the artisans and merchants.

According to Book IV of the Republic, justice required each of the three parts to perform the task that was proper to it. His ideal city was an aristocracy of sorts.

In addition to this, Plato introduces the "three waves of paradox" in Book V of the Republic. First, he suggests men and women receive the same musical and gymnastic education; this was remarkable for his time. Second, he suggests that women and children are all in common. The third wave has to do with philosopher-kings; these are men who are true philosophers but who are also rulers in the city. 

A very strict educational program lies at the foundation of Plato's ideal state. This is laid out in Book II of the Republic.  Plato advocates a censorship of the arts in his ideal...

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