What are features of plant that separate them from fungi?

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Fungi and plants are two different kingdoms of multicellular eukaryotic cells. Being multicellular means that fungi and plants are made of many specialized cells. Being eukaryotes implies that the cells of fungi and plants have nuclei and membrane-bound organelles. However, fungi and plants share some distinct differences as well. These differences are identified and briefly explained below.

Cell Structure

  • Plant cells contain chloroplast, while fungi cells do not.
  • Plant cells contains a carbohydrate called cellulose for added support. The carbohydrate found in the cell walls of fungi is called chitin.

Method of Obtaining Energy

  • Fungi are heterotrophic and plants are autotrophic. This means that fungi consume other organisms in order to survive. Plants make their own food.
  • Fungi undergo external digestion. Fungi have small fibers called hyphae that extend into the ground. The hyphae release enzymes that break down matter that is located in the ground. Once decomposed, the matter is absorbed by the fungi. In this way, fungi receive energy.
  • On the other hand, plants undergo a process called photosynthesis to obtain energy. A green pigment called chlorophyll is found inside the chloroplasts of plant cells. During photosynthesis, chlorophyll captures sunlight energy. The energy from the sun is then used to convert carbon dioxide and water into a sugar called glucose and oxygen. The glucose is used by the plant for energy.


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