Twain uses language in several different ways in this classic novel. The most common and most striking is the vernacular. Twain himself notes this in the explanation that opens the text; he talks about the different dialects he uses, and how the spelling is not random, but rather was recreated with a great deal of care. This means that the language contains slang, non-standard spelling, attempts to recreate spoken speech, and so on. Along the way, though, Twain includes other language games, such as mimicking different high styles (in the performances of the duke and dauphin).