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Buddhism and Hinduism share the twin concepts of karma and dharma. In each tradition, karma means “action,” and broadly refers to the moral actions a person makes and their consequences. Through karma, practitioners of Buddhism and Hinduism come to understand their ethical lives in terms of a greater cosmological justice. Each tradition also shares the concept of dharma, meaning “reality,” or “truth.” Dharma is the path that devotees take in order to free themselves of the illusions of ego and learn the ultimate truth. At the level of popular devotion, Buddhism and Hinduism encompass a pantheon of many gods. However, the monastic traditions of each of these religions deemphasize the gods and focus instead upon one’s inner path to enlightenment.
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