The Fair Labor Standards Act was part of Franklin D. Roosevelt's Second New Deal program. There were several things which this Act did. It gave more protection to workers. It ended child labor. It also eventually established the 40 hour work week. This law was passed, in part, because the Supreme Court had declared the National Industrial Recovery Act unconstitutional in 1935. Many pro-labor provision were lost by the action of the Supreme Court. it was important for Roosevelt and the Democrats to pass laws which helped workers because workers were strong supporters of the Democratic Party. In order to maintain the support of workers, Roosevelt wanted to show them he was doing things to help them. The Fair Labor Standards Act helped workers in many ways.