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One major shift in the nature of migration theory of the past few decades has been an increasing incorporation of gender into models of reasons for moving and the experience of various diasporas.
One area in which migration theory has changed is a move away from the notion of the migrant as a single, putatively male, rational agent searching for economic benefits to the notion of the locus of migration as being the family or the household, with the act of migration affecting household members differentially.
The economic and social factors that prompt families to migrate also do not affect genders equally. Often the reasons for migration, which might include job opportunities for men, may not benefit women, and in fact may harm them by removing them from the cooperative family or tribal structures supporting domestic labor or female entrepreneurship.
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