Let us look at three factors that helped the Whig Party to rise in the late 1820s and early 1830s.
First, there was the fact that the Federalist Party had died almost two decades previous and had not yet been replaced by any official party. The federalists, then, would have been looking to join a party if one arose. They came to form part of the Whig Party.
Second, there was the movement of settlers into what was then the west. These settlers wanted the government to help them. They wanted “internal improvements,” or infrastructure to help them get goods to market. The Democrats did not approve of government spending on such things.
Finally and most importantly, there was Andrew Jackson. The early Whig Party was united only by its opposition to him. This is where their name came from as the Whigs of England were the party that wanted less power for the monarch. The Whigs labeled Jackson “King Andrew I” and claimed he was using the presidential powers to excess.
These main factors resulted in the rise of the Whigs.