The Nazi rise to power had several factors starting with the end of World War ! and the Treaty of Versailles. This treaty punished the German people so harshly that it set up the climate of rebellion and the desire for a leader who would restore German pride and the culture of invincibility. During the 1920's Hitler consolidated his group, wrote Mein Kampf, and quietly disposed of his rivals. When Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany in 1933, he immediately began to build both his army and navy which was in direct violation of the treaty. The world ignored his annexation of land and did what they could to appease him hoping that it would be enough to avoid war. Neville Chamberlain of Britain was a perfect example of the policy of appeasement. Hitler was a mesmerizing speaker who made use of propaganda in a way never before seen to convince the German people to adopt their views such as using the Jews as scapegoats to blame for the failures of WWI. Hitler was ruthless in his rise to power, killing off his rivals as needed. After his election, he targeted Communists as a threat to his power and eliminated them. Elected in a democratic society, he changed his title to Fuhrer and became the supreme leader in a dictatorship with most of the people devoted to him and his ideas to restore Germany to power in the world.