What factors led to the election of Andrew Jackson in 1828?

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mkoren's profile pic

mkoren | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Senior Educator

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There were several factors that led to the election of Andrew Jackson in 1828. One of these factors was Jackson’s determination to get elected after having lost the election in 1824. Jackson believed that election was stolen from him by a deal he believed was made between John Q. Adams and Henry Clay. This deal, called the Corrupt Bargain, had Clay support Adams in return for Adams making Clay the Secretary of State. Since Jackson had the most electoral votes, but not a majority, Jackson believed he would have been chosen by the House of Representatives to be president if there was no deal. Jackson put all of his energy into getting elected in 1828.

Another factor helping Andrew Jackson was that more people were getting involved in politics between 1800-1828. In some places, the property requirement to vote was dropped. This allowed more working class males to vote. As a result, Jackson had a greater chance of getting more votes because he said he represented the common man.

Jackson was also helped by the unpopularity of John Q. Adams. Adams had a lot of difficulty with Congress. He was not well liked. He took positions that Congress wouldn’t support. For example, he wanted a stronger federal government and more money for scientific explorations. The dislike of Adams worked to the advantage of Andrew Jackson.

There were many factors leading to Andrew Jackson’s victory in the 1828 presidential election.

 

 

pohnpei397's profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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There were, of course, many factors that led to Jackson’s victory in 1828.  Let us look at two of the most important; one an immediate, political cause and one a more long-term structural change.

Structurally, Jackson’s victory was made possible by the growth of the franchise.  Jackson was the first president who was decidedly not from an elite family.  His election was due in part to the fact that more and more states were introducing universal white manhood suffrage.  They were removing the property qualifications for voting and making the country more democratic.

More immediately, Jackson won in part because of outrage over how John Q. Adams had won the election 1824.  The “Corrupt Bargain” of that election incensed many people.  They were much more motivated to vote for Jackson because of their perception that Adams had bought his presidency four years before.

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