What factors influence the size of a wave?  

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A number of factors affect the size of waves. These include wind speed, duration, water depth, distance of wind travel over open water or fetch, direction of tide, speed of tide, etc. Higher wind speeds result in bigger waves and smaller speeds result in relatively smaller waves. Wind that are...

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A number of factors affect the size of waves. These include wind speed, duration, water depth, distance of wind travel over open water or fetch, direction of tide, speed of tide, etc. Higher wind speeds result in bigger waves and smaller speeds result in relatively smaller waves. Wind that are blowing for longer duration also causes bigger waves. Fetch is the term commonly used for distance traveled by the wind over water surface. The more the distance traveled by the wind, bigger are the waves. Proximity to coastal regions may limit the fetch. In shallow waters, wave speed falls, thus increasing their heights. That is why tall waves are seen near the beaches. Tide direction also affects the wave heights. If the tide direction is opposite to the wind direction, taller waves result.

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