What factors enabled Christianity to spread within the Roman Empire?

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Dayna Watsica eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Great question. Here are a few points to consider:

1. The most important factor for the growth of Christianity was that it wanted to grow. This factor might seem small, but this makes all the difference. Most religions in the Roman world did not seek out converts. The followers Epicurus and the Jews might be the only exceptions. Christianity, on the other hand, wanted to grow. Just look at Paul's missionary journeys.

2. Because Rome had such a great empire in terms of travel, any religion that wanted to spread could. In other words, Christianity came at the right time.

3. Christianity also had a...

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shemsham | Student

This was also the period of the Pax Ramona (Roman Peace).The Apostle Paul went on several missionary journeys and converted Romans to Christianity. The Roman Peace meant the  Germanic invaders and other hordes were not a threat at that time. Internal decadence and moral decade were prevalent,but the onslaught of invasions came later. The example the Christians manifested, and doctrine they taught was alien to many of the pagans in Rome.They took note that this new religion brought a different perspective than the traditional pagan religions.Constantine's acceptance of Christianity as a legal religious systems certainly helped advance the spread.I personally believe Constantine did not understand all of the tenets that Christians stood for,but his 'conversion' as a person of power and influence made a positive difference in the history of Christian expansion.

marty915 | Student

THe main reason it spread throughout the empire is that if you didn't convert to Christianity you were killed.