What factors determine whether people turn out to vote in US elections? Would the use of direct democracy increase turnout or decrease turnout? Why? Should states continue to allow ballot initiatives and other forms of direct democracy? Why or why not?  

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People in battleground states tend to be more vocal voters. People whose states tend to go predominantly for one party or another do not vote as often because they feel as though their votes do not matter as much. In terms of demographics, older whites tend to be the most consistent voters. Presidential elections tend to garner the largest voter turnouts and many off-year elections are decided by smaller margins than presidential elections.

Voter initiatives on the ballots often encourage higher turnouts because there is a single issue involved, thus making it easier to form an opinion on the issue. The issues are decided through direct democracy, and this also encourages more voters to come out. Direct initiatives are important as they allow the voters to decide issues that are important to their localities. While they may be ineffective at...

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