There are at least three major factors that contributed to Vietnamese success against the French. They are:
- The fact that the French underestimated the Vietnamese. They did not take the Vietnamese as seriously as they should have because they did not really respect them as a people.
- Help from other communist countries. This became particularly important after China became communist in 1949. With a communist country on its border, Vietnam could more easily get weapons and other supplies.
- Most of all, there was the dedication and the motivation of the Vietnamese. They were strongly nationalistic and extremely motivated to get rid of the French, who had ruled them in for a very long time. This meant that they were willing to endure great hardships in order to defeat the French.