What factors contributed to the creation of the United States?

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mrkirschner eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Although immigration to the United States began much earlier, the founding of the nation happened in the late 18th century. The major factor of the founding of the United States was the conclusion of the Seven Years' War in 1763. It was during this period that the British attempted to recoup losses from the war by strictly enforcing tax policies. The years of the war (1756-1763) saw the English stepping back from the colonies and allowing them a certain degree of autonomy. As a result, the thirteen colonies developed their own government systems and prospered because of their economic freedoms. Colonial leadership did not appreciate increased British presence and taxation and rebelled against British rule. They declared their independence from England in 1776 and concluded their military engagement with the Treaty of Paris in 1783. All the grievances the colonists had with England were outlined in the Declaration of Independence (1776). Taxation without representation in the Parliament was a major sticking point. The burden of taxation really hurt the profits of the elite in the colonies, and it was the elite who instigated insurrection against British rule. The king's decision to block westward expansion past the Appalachian Mountains also angered the colonists (Proclamation of 1763.)