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What factors contribute to the maintenance of the two party system?

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One thing that we must not ignore is the voting system that we have in the United States.  Our use of the "winner-take-all" system of elections that we use.

In many other countries, a system called "proportional representation" is used.  This means that parties are represented in a parliament in proportion to the percent of votes they receive in an election.  In such a system, a party that won 25% of the vote, for example, would get about 25% of the seats in the legislature.

In the US, a party that won 25% of the votes in an election would likely get 0% of the representation (unless there were very odd circumstances with a large number of candidates splitting the vote).  In such a system,...

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