What factors accounted for immigration becoming a global phenomenon during the late nineteeth century?after the civil war many southereners believed that god had spared the south for a greater...
What factors accounted for immigration becoming a global phenomenon during the late nineteeth century?
after the civil war many southereners believed that god had spared the south for a greater purpose they came to view the war as what
The analysis of there being two separate questions here is a good one. I think that in the first one, there is a presence of natural push and pull factors that enhanced immigration to America during the late nineteenth century. The belief that America held the keys to a "better life" helped to serve as a major push factor of the time period. This conception involved political and religious freedom, economic independence, and the notion of a "new start." These were pull factors whose opposites were natural push factors, such as lack of opportunity in indigenous lands, and the lack of spiritual freedom. The second question is a bit more elusive, in my mind. I think I would need to have more detail as to the basis of your answer. I actually feel that many Southerners had the opposite experience after the Civil War in terms of seeing their entire social and political structure obliterated and a severe questioning of identity as a part of the post- Civil War experience in the South. I sense that there might have been a tone of why God condemned them as opposed to saving them.
You seem to have two questions, one in the header and a separate one after. I'll concentrate on the first one.
A number of global factors contributed to widespread immigration, much of it to the United States. These included overpopulation in China coupled with civil unrest and the Opium Wars. There were wars in Europe for the unification of Germany and between Germany and France. Poverty and hunger were widespread in Ireland for much of that century.
It also became cheaper during this time to travel by boat across the Atlantic Ocean.
Add to all of this there was a lot of available land in the US, which attracted landless farmers from Europe, along with the economic opportunity (or the illusion of it) of factory work in the cities. Many Chinese male immigrants came here for the gold rush and stayed to work on the transcontinental railroad.