The French Revolution

Start Your Free Trial

To what extent was the French monarchy both the main cause and the main victim of the French Revolution?

Expert Answers info

jtesta511 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2019

write15 answers

starTop subject is History

The Bourbon Monarchy was undoubtedly both the main cause and the main victim of the French Revolution. Enlightenment ideas encouraged the people of France to question their government and demand popular sovereignty, natural rights, and equality. These ideas were wildly popular mostly because the Bourbon kings were notoriously theocratic and tyrannical. French monarchs had been abusing their financial power for far too long, and the people were tired of their greed and governmental mismanagement. Lastly, because Louis XVI refused to listen to his Estates-General, giving up some of his power and making much-needed reforms, he and his entire family were killed during the revolution. Along with their deaths came the demise of the Bourbon dynasty in France.

Beginning in the late seventeenth century, Enlightenment ideas spread across Europe like wildfire. By the mid-eighteenth century, Paris was the center of the movement. Salons filled with educated upper- and middle-class Parisians...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 1,113 words.)

Unlock This Answer Now


check Approved by eNotes Editorial

Queen Langosh eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2011

write5,626 answers

starTop subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences

check Approved by eNotes Editorial