In Animal Farm, to what extent is Napoleon dependent on Squealer for his success in governing Animal Farm?
It's a question for my essay test, and I need to understand it.
Yes, Napoleon needed Squealer as a propaganda mouthpiece to convince the other animals to keep him in charge and support his ideas. By all accounts, Napoleon was not a successful talker.
Snowball was a more vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker in speech and more inventive, but was not considered to have the same depth of character. All the other male pigs on the farm were porkers. (chapter 2)
Napoleon is ruthless and power-hungry. He uses other pigs like Squealer to talk for him. He uses the dogs to control people. Therefore he does need Squealer and Snowball. He uses Snowball’s ideas, and Squealer’s eloquence, to convince the other animals to do what he wants. By contrast, Squelaer is described this way:
He was a brilliant talker, and when he was arguing some difficult point he had a way of skipping from side to side and whisking his tail which was somehow very persuasive. The others said of Squealer that he could turn black into white. (ch 2)
Squealer is already more energetic and convincing before the animals take over the farm. He clearly is already an expert at propaganda. Napoleon knew exactly what he was doing.
For more, see:
Read the full text here: http://www.george-orwell.org/Animal_Farm/0.html
Orwell, George. Animal Farm;. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1954. Print.
"Animal Farm." George Orwell. Web. 05 May 2012. <http://www.george-orwell.org/Animal_Farm/0.html>.
Interesting question. One thing to consider here is whether Squealer and the dogs would really "exist" if it weren't for Napoleon. In a way, didn't he create them? It is through Napoleon's will that the dogs have been created. It is at his direction that Squealer disseminates his propaganda. It seems as if Napoleon has in some way created them. Yes, he needs them. But they depend on him as well and he is responsible for their existence as they are right now. So in a sense you can say Napoleon is not dependent on them at all he's dependent on things he made so he's only dependent on himself.
Napoleon, like all politicians who have a lot to hide, is dependent on his spokesman to explain what he does in a way that doesn't seem so bad. Squealer is a good example of a spin doctor who can make an evil deed look like a necessary, and even good, act. The animals express discontent several times, only to be talked out of it by Squealer. It also helps that he has the dogs nearby enforcing his point of view.