To what extent did Poe Base "The Gold Bug" on experiences in his own life?

The setting of "The Gold Bug" is very clearly described. The action takes place on Sullivan's Island, South Carolina, off the coast of Georgia. This island is now the site of Fort Moultrie and Fort Sumter (which was attacked by Confederates in 1861). The narrator has been to this island with his neighbor, William Legrand. Legrand lives in a house that had belonged to his father and is apparently living off of an inheritance from his family; he never goes out to work during the day because it would be too hot for him to do so. He only goes out at night to hunt for treasure buried by pirates.

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"The Gold-Bug" by Edgar Allan Poe is a delightful yarn, half adventure and half mystery story, that is not intended as portraying realistic everyday events. 

In the story, the narrator has befriended William Legrand, an impoverished descendant of a wealthy New Orleans family. Legrand lives on Sullivan’s Island off the shore of South Carolina. When the narrator visits Legrand, they discuss an exotic insect Legrand has discovered, the gold-bug of the title (that actually functions as a red herring). The scrap of paper on which Legrand draws a picture of the insect turns out to be a map showing the location of the buried treasure of the famous pirate Captain Kidd.

This narrative is not based on Poe's actual life. If Poe had discovered a buried treasure worth millions of dollars, he would not have lived most of his life in poverty or needed to write for a living. 

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