The battles of Lexington and Concord were important events as the colonists moved closer to the Revolutionary War. After the Boston Tea Party, the British passed the Intolerable Acts. These laws punished the colonists, especially those in Massachusetts, for the Boston Tea Party. Once response of the colonists was to form militias. The militias would soon be in action.
The colonists expected British military action. The British had sent more troops to the colonies. They refused to end the Intolerable Acts. Thus, the colonists formed militias to be ready in case of attack. The colonists monitored British activities, and when the British began to move their army, the colonists were prepared. The British moved their army into the countryside looking for Samuel Adams and John Hancock. They also wanted to capture ammunition they believed the colonists had stored at Concord. When fighting broke out the next day at Lexington, there were casualties on both sides. The British then moved to Concord where they destroyed the courthouse where the ammunition was stored. When the British retreated to Boston, the colonists bombarded them. The British suffered many casualties. For many people, this was the unofficial beginning of the war. From here, the colonists began doing more things that prepared them for independence. The Second Continental Congress met and began to act like a government. The pamphlet, Common Sense, was written by Thomas Paine that argued for independence from Britain. The British rejected the Olive Branch Petition. Eventually, the Declaration of Independence was written and issued, and the Revolutionary War began.