What is the exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution for 1984?

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Gretchen Mussey eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The exposition takes place at the beginning of the story and introduces the audience to Winston Smith and the dystopian nation of Oceania. The audience learns about the oppressive, authoritative government and Big Brother's omnipotent role as the nation's fearless leader. They also learn that Winston works in the Ministry of Truth, fabricating historical documents and records. Winston's bleak existence is illustrated and the audience sympathizes with the protagonist's oppressed life, which is completely controlled by the government.

The rising action includes Winston's rebellious journal entries, his introduction to Julia, and his subsequent affair. The rising action also includes Winston briefly experiencing independence, his attempt to join the Brotherhood, and his enlightening meeting with O'Brien.

The climax of the story takes place when Winston and Julia are suddenly arrested by the Thought Police in their rented apartment above Mr. Charrington's antique shop.

The falling action includes Winston's experience in the Ministry of Love and his torture at the hands of O'Brien. One could also include Winston's terrifying experience in Room 101 as part of the falling action as well as his betrayal of Julia and acceptance that 2+2=5. Once Winston accepts the illogical math problem, he is completely broken and no longer himself.

The resolution includes Winston's release back into society, where he eventually meets Julia but no longer has feelings for her. As he sits in the Chestnut Tree Cafe, Winston feels nothing but love and admiration for Big Brother, which proves that the Party has successfully converted him into an orthodox Party member.

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kmj23 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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In 1984, the exposition of the story takes place in the opening chapters in which the reader learns about life in Oceania. More specifically, the reader learns how the Party controls people, like Winston, through the telescreens, the Thought Police, and the Two Minutes Hate. We also see how the people live in poverty and deprivation, as shown by the crumbing and dilapidated Victory Mansions. 

As part of the exposition, the reader is also introduced to Winston and his feelings of frustration and hatred toward Big Brother and the Party. 

The rising action consists of many different events which build to the story's climax. Winston's meeting with Julia and his meeting with O'Brien (and initiation into the Brotherhood) are some examples. These contribute to the story's suspense and tension. 

The falling action takes place in the final chapter of the story when Julia meets with Winston in the café. In this final meeting, it is revealed that in Room 101 they both betrayed each other. 

Finally, the resolution occurs in the closing paragraph. Winston loves Big Brother. He, therefore, now embodies everything that he once hated and fought to destroy.

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bmadnick eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The rising action is the introduction of the main characters, the setting and the main conflict in the book. It's the part where we learn about Winston and his life and what problems he must deal with. The rising action continues until the climax, and the climax occurs when Winston is tortured to the point that he says he loves Big Brother. After the climax, there is the falling action, which sometimes acts as the resolution as well. The falling action is shown when Winston is in the café after getting out of prison, and he remembers his meeting with Julia at the end of book three.

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Exposition: As the novel opens, Winston Smith, a member of the Outer Party from Oceania, feels frustrated by the oppression and rigid control of the Party, which prohibits free thought, sex, and any expression of individuality. Winston dislikes the party and has illegally purchased a diary in which to write his criminal thoughts.

Rising Action: Winston works in the Ministry of Truth. He alters historical records to fit the needs of the Party. He is troubled by the Party’s control of history: the Party claims that Oceania has always been allied with Eastasia in a war against Eurasia, but Winston seems to recall a time when this was not true. The Party also claims that Emmanuel Goldstein, the alleged leader of the Brotherhood, is the most dangerous man alive, but this does not seem plausible to Winston, as his hatred for the Party grows more and more intense. At last, he receives the message that he has been waiting for: O’Brien wants to see him.

Climax: Winston’s torture with the cage of rats in Room 101.

Falling Action: Winston’s time in the café following his release from prison, including the memory of his meeting with Julia at the end of Book Three.

Resolution: Winston’s spirit is broken and he is released to the outside world. He meets Julia, but no longer feels anything for her. He has accepted the Party entirely and has learned to love Big Brother.

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parama9000 | Student

Exposition: Winston is introduced to the readers  as a man working in the Ministry of Truth. He begans to develop doubts and he decides to write a diary illegally.

Rising Action: He feels troubled and is brought into the supposed conspiracy against Big Brother by O Brien.

Climax: It was a conspiracy against him, though conspiracy is too strong a word, and he and Julia are captured and tortured.

Falling Action: He is losing his individualism and briefly remembers Julia, before he is subjected to further torture.

Resolution: He is completely stripped of individualism and he has accepted 2+2=5 and loves Big Brother.

simoneguerra | Student

Exposition: As the novel opens, Winston Smith, a member of the Outer Party from Oceania, feels frustrated by the oppression and rigid control of the Party, which prohibits free thought, sex, and any expression of individuality. Winston dislikes the party and has illegally purchased a diary in which to write his criminal thoughts.

Rising Action: Winston works in the Ministry of Truth. He alters historical records to fit the needs of the Party. He is troubled by the Party’s control of history: the Party claims that Oceania has always been allied with Eastasia in a war against Eurasia, but Winston seems to recall a time when this was not true. The Party also claims that Emmanuel Goldstein, the alleged leader of the Brotherhood, is the most dangerous man alive, but this does not seem plausible to Winston, as his hatred for the Party grows more and more intense. At last, he receives the message that he has been waiting for: O’Brien wants to see him.

Climax: Winston’s torture with the cage of rats in Room 101.

Falling Action: Winston’s time in the café following his release from prison, including the memory of his meeting with Julia at the end of Book Three.

Resolution: Winston’s spirit is broken.  Winston is released to the outside world. He meets Julia, but no longer feels anything for her. He has accepted the Party entirely and has learned to love Big Brother.

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