What examples of propaganda are there in Animal Farm?

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grammargator eNotes educator| Certified Educator

As you know, Animal Farm is an allegory of the Russian Revolution. The characters and events in the story correspond to people and events of that time. The pig Squealer (great name, eh?) represents Stalin's propaganda ministers.

Throughout the story, Squealer explains the pigs' actions (Napolean's particularly) to the other animals in ways that absolve the pigs from blame. For example, early on when the cows' milk goes missing, Squealer tells the animals that the pigs need the milk for their brains because they are the ones doing all the thinking. He also changes the commandments of Animalism several times, explaining that one really says "No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets," rather than "in a bed," and another says "No animal shall drink alcohol to excess,"rather than just "drink alcohol."

Of course, his ultimate betrayal is when loyal old Boxer, too worn out to work any more, is sent to the knacker (slaughterhouse). Squealer tells the other animals that he was taken to a hospital, where he (Squealer) sat by his side until his death. According to the propaganda of Squealer, Boxer's last words were "Comrade Napolean is always right."

brandih eNotes educator| Certified Educator

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