"I Have a Dream" Speech Questions and Answers
by Martin Luther King Jr.

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What examples of  figurative language can be found in Martin Luther King Jr's "I Have a Dream"?

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In addition to the metaphors noted in other answers, King repeatedly relies on a variety of figurative language devices, giving his speech a deeply poetic cadence.

For example, he uses repetition freely, especially in the form of anaphora, where the beginning words of a line are repeated over and over to create a rhythmic effect. This repetition also helps us to remember what was said. Some examples of anaphora in King's speech are as follows: "Now is" is used to begin a group of statements in paragraph nine, while "we can never be satisfied" begins a series of short paragraphs starting with paragraph 14, and, most famously, King uses many, many repetitions of the words "I have a dream."

King also uses antithesis, which is the juxtaposition of opposites. For example, he refers to President Lincoln's Emancipation proclamation as:

a joyous daybreak to end the long night of captivity.

Daybreak is the antithesis of long night.

He also states that his movement hopes to:

transform the jangling...

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