What are a few examples of figures of speech in chapter one of Animal Farm?
No animal in England knows the meaning of happiness or leisure after he is a year old.
Of course, Old Major is exaggerating here. The truth is that all animals feel happiness and have leisure time in England. The reason that Old Major exaggerates is that he wants to give a dramatic effect to his speech. He wants the animals to believe that their situation is so bleak that a rebellion is the only solution to their problem. Hyperbole, therefore, functions as a persuasive technique.
We also find an example of irony in Old Major’s speech, in the following lines:
And even the miserable lives we lead are not allowed to reach their natural span. For myself I do not grumble, for I am one of the lucky ones. I am twelve years old and have had over four hundred children. Such is the natural life of a pig.
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