Other examples of the various figures of speech are as follows:
Synechdoche: This figure of speech describes either naming a part of something to represent the whole of it, or the reverse. Examples of the former would be calling the counting of a group of people a "head count." The head is a body part of a whole person. An example of a whole referring to a part would be referring to the United States of America- just one part of all of North America- as simply "America."
Apostrophe: The speaker addresses some kind of personified object during speech. An example can be seen in Romeo and Juliet when Juliet takes a moment to address the weapon she is about to plunge into her chest, assigning it an emotion when she cries, " O happy dagger (V, iii, 183)."
Asyndeton (one of my personal favorites): Elimination of conjunctions when listing related topics. A famous example of this figure of speech can be found in the Gettysburg address when Abraham Lincoln says, "...and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth."
Idiom: A figure of speech in which the words used hold a different significance than their usual meaning. A widely used example of an idiom is saying someone "kicked the bucket." The person didn't literally stick out a foot and knock it against a bucket. When these particular words are used in this particular way, the meaning changes to something the sentence isn't actually saying. When a person is said to have kicked the bucket, the person has died.
There are numerous examples, as all that is required in a figure of speech is that the words are used in a way that gives it more meaning past just the literal use of the words. This means that most if not all rhetorical devices fall under this title, as do all of the subcategories of metaphor, and so on. It is a rather extensive list.
Examples of Figures of speech would be:
The most common ones would be alliteration, pun, simile, metaphor, euphemism, personification.